Bonsai is a fascinating art that combines the knowledge of plant physiology with oriental technique and aesthetics in a unique way. The art of Bonsai originates in the Chinese empire, but was subsequently acquired and perfected by the Japanese to become what we know today. It is linked to the oriental concept of seishi, ie the art of giving shape, of cultivating and practicing the most varied techniques, but always respecting the plant.
The term bonsai derives from Japanese and is a word composed of two ideograms that mean container (bon) and breeding (sai). These trees are not naturally small specimens, but are grown in miniature by performing appropriate and targeted pruning of branches and roots in order to limit their development. The bonsai are modeled according to the philosophy of Japanese perfection, using delicate and not harmful methods; the time and the right techniques are the only components that make a common seedling a wonderful bonsai.
For the Japanese, endless lovers of the natural world, bonsai represent the perfection of nature in respect of living specimens (which are not objects!).
The bonsai is therefore not just a miniature tree, but rather a specimen that allows the observer to come into contact with the glimpse of a forest or with the reproduction of a stream surrounded by ancient trees. It is easy to imagine why the Orientals define bonsai as the union of nature with art.
Bonsai art requires a lot of patience, therefore the knowledge of the most common rules on botany. It is also important to have (or learn) the right aesthetic sense and respect for the times imposed by nature. Only in this way you can get beautiful bonsai to grow and take with you for a lifetime.